2013 JDRD Awards

In 2013 the Science Alliance funded seven new and six second-year JDRD projects.

First-Year Projects

The following individuals received first-year JDRD funding

Gladys Alexandre, Biochemistry and Cellular and Molecular Biology

Function of a universally conserved protein in regulating membrane fluidity (New capabilities for neutron-based biomembrane research, Robert Standaert, ORNL Biosciences and Biology and Soft Matter divisions)

Eric Boder, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

Domain identification and enzymatic ligation for structural biology of complex proteins (Structural biology of metabolic and signaling pathways in plants, Hugh O’Neill, ORNL Biology and Soft Matter Division)

Wei Gao, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

User-centric sensing platform for smart buildings (Low-cost, multi-sensor wireless platform for smart buildings, Pooran Joshi, ORNL Materials Science and Technology Division)

Siris Laursen, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

Developing a fundamental framework based on Green’s function electronic structure calculations to rapidly calculate the composition and thermodynamics of ionic solid surfaces for applications in heterogeneous catalytic reactions (An accurate and efficient computational methodology for simulating disordered nanoscale materials: Toward the rational design of better batteries, Matthew Reuter, ORNL Computer Science and Mathematics Division and Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences)

Eric Lukosi, Department of Nuclear Engineering

High spatial resolution neutron imaging sensors (Nondestructive evaluation of hydrided Zr cladding by in-situ neutron scattering and tomography of hydrogen, Yong Yan, ORNL Fuel Cycle and Isotopes Division)

Andy Sarles, Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering

Single channel recordings and GISANS of amyloid-beta peptides in fully hydrated, unilamellar lipid bilayers (Developing grazing incident small-angle neutron scattering for studying the interplay between amyloidbeta peptide and cholesterol in lipid bilayers, Shuo Qian, ORNL Biology and Soft Matter Division)

Tongye Shen, Department of Biochemistry and Cellular and Molecular Biology

Coarse-grained modeling of the conformational dynamics of signaling protein complex (Probing the structure-function relationship in protein kinase A, William Heller, ORNL Biology and Soft Matter Division)

Second-Year Projects

The following individuals received second-year JDRD funding

Aimée Classen, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Incorporating microbial dynamics that alter soil C fluxes into terrestrial C cycle models (Incorporating molecular-scale mechanisms stabilizing soil organic C into terrestrial C cycle models, Melanie Mayes, ORNL Environmental Sciences Division)

David Jenkins, Department of Chemistry

Triazole and Tetrazole Linkers for Covalent Organic Frameworks for Carbon Dioxide Capture (Novel Covalent Organic Frameworks with Tailored Carbon Capture Functionality, Radu Custelcean, ORNL Chemical Sciences Division)

David Keffer, Department of Materials Science and Engineering

Lignin-based High Performance Li-Ion Anode Materials Synthesized from Low-Cost Renewable Resources (Lignin-based High-Performance Li-Ion Anode Materials Synthesized from Low-Cost Renewable Resources, Orlando Rios, ORNL Materials Science and Technology Division)

Veerle Keppens, Department of Materials Science and Engineering

Ferroelectric instabilities in thermoelectric materials (Improving energy efficiency in thermoelectric materials by integrating neutron scattering with supercomputing and modeling, Oliver Delaire, ORNL Materials Science and Technology Division)

Edmund Perfect, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Coupled Simulation of Hydrologic Processes and Terrestrial Ecosystem and Climate Feedbacks: Inclusion of Soil Freezing/Thawing and Upscaling Modules in PFLOTRAN (Coupled Simulation of Surface-Subsurface Hydrologic Processes and Ecosystem and Climate Feedbacks: From Arctic Landscapes to the Continental U.S., Richard Mills, ORNL Computer Science and Mathematics Division)

Cong Trinh, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

Redesigning yeast metabolism for optimal biodiesel production from biomass (Synthetic metabolic pathways for bioconversion of lignin and biomass inhibitors, Adam Guss, ORNL Biosciences Division)